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Health Sciences Pathway

Program & Course Information

Health Sciences Pathway

Medical Insurance Coding/Billing

What Medical Billing and Coding Specialists Do

Medical billing and coding specialists are the health care professionals responsible for processing patient data such as treatment records and related insurance information. Medical insurance biller and coders are tasked with coding a patient’s diagnosis along with a request for payments from the patient’s insurance company.

Medical Billers are responsible for making sure everyone is being billed correctly. Some of this involves talking with patients and/or health insurance companies on a regular basis to make sure all invoices are paid in a timely fashion. The biller should understand how to read medical invoices and coding language. This is perfect for someone who wants to have a balance of working with people (on the phone) and also spending time analyzing invoices and data.

Medical Coders on the other hand don’t have too much interaction with insurance companies and patients. This job is perfect for someone who would prefer to spend time analyzing and coding data. Every duty performed in a medical office has a particular code assigned to it, and it needs to be coded properly in order for proper billing. The Medical Coder and Biller often work together to make sure all invoices are paid properly.

Work Environment

Many medical insurance billers and coders work in a typical office setting in cubicles with equipment such as computers, printers and telephones, generally in a healthcare facility or agency. The hours can vary from a usual 40-hour workweek to part time schedules and in some cases the opportunity to work extra hours for additional pay.

How to Become a Medical Billing and Coding Specialist

Medical billing and coding specialists typically need a postsecondary certificate to enter the occupation, although they may have an associate’s degree. Many employers also require professional certification.


The median annual wage of medical records and health information technicians was $32,350 in May 2010.

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