Dental Hygiene – Associate in Applied Science

The Dental Hygiene Associate in Applied Science program consists of integrated lectures, labs and clinical experiences. As a graduate of the Jackson College Dental Hygiene program, the student will have the knowledge and skills necessary to provide preventive and periodontal treatment The responsibilities of a registered dental hygienist generally include: scaling and root debridement, delivery of local anesthesia, nitrous oxide sedation, topical fluoride, antibiotic and antimicrobial medicament placement, impressions, diagnostic models, dental radiographs, dental education, nutritional counseling, and various laboratory procedures. The treatments and services are prescribed under the supervision of the dentist.

Upon successfully completing the CODA-accredited dental hygiene program at Jackson College, the student will be eligible to take the national, regional and state board examinations for dental hygiene licensure.

There are various employment opportunities for the registered dental hygienist. The registered hygienist may choose employment in a general or specialty dental practice, schools, clinics, hospitals, HMOs, public health, or governmental agencies. The dental hygienist may also be employed in the area of management, research, sales, consulting or education.

Students must apply for admission to the dental hygiene program and must do so by the application deadline. The program starts every fall semester and continues for two academic years after the student has completed the prerequisite courses. Admission to the dental hygiene is highly competitive and is not guaranteed. It is the student’s responsibility to understand and adhere to the specific admission criteria. Admission is based on a point system which factors in the GPA of required courses, past educational achievements or certifications, and the number of course withdrawals, repeats and/or failures. Students with the highest points will be admitted based on space availability. The selection process is subject to change.

The program for which you are applying requires that you successfully complete clinical requirements in an on-site clinic. A provider’s license may be jeopardized if the State of Michigan learns through the required criminal history background clearance that they or an adult age 18 and over who is employed by them or in practicum with them, has a pending criminal charge or has been convicted of any of certain various crimes. Clinical sites are subject to ACT 303 of the Public Acts of 2002, amended April 1, 2006, of the State of Michigan which restricts persons with certain criminal convictions from having access to vulnerable populations. Therefore, Jackson College requires that as a condition of admission, all students will be subject to a fingerprint-based criminal background check, including an FBI check.

Exclusions for convictions can range from one year to permanent exclusion. Following graduation, applicants for licensure as a registered dental hygienist will also be asked about criminal convictions and this could impact the individual’s ability to become licensed. In addition, all dental hygiene students must pass a drug screen as a condition of admission to the dental hygiene program. While enrolled in the program, a student may be asked to submit to a drug test if there is reason to believe the student is under the influence of alcohol or other drugs.

Prerequisites are:

BIO 132 Human Biology OR
BIO 253 Human Anatomy & Physiology I AND
BIO 254 Human Anatomy & Physiology II
BIO 220 Microbiology
CEM 131* Fundamentals of Chemistry OR
CEM 141* General Chemistry I
PSY 140 Introduction to Psychology
ENG 131 Writing Experience I
COM 231 Communication Fundamentals
MAT 133 Introduction to Probability & Statistics

*Chemistry courses taken at another institution that do not transfer into Jackson College as CEM 131 will be evaluated on an individual basis.

Applications are accepted for fall admission. See a student success navigator for application deadlines. All sciences must be taken within the last eight years. Upon acceptance to the program, dental hygiene courses must be taken in sequence. Students are required to take and pass the HESI Admission Assessment (A2) prior to admission.


Program Requirements

Minimum credits 76
Minimum grade in dental hygiene courses 2.5
Minimum grade in BIO 132 or BIO 253/254, BIO 220 2.5
Minimum Jackson College credits 42

GENERAL EDUCATION REQUIREMENTS

GEO 1: Write clearly, concisely and intelligibly

Take the following:

Course # Course Name Credits Prerequisites Notes
ENG 131 Writing Experience I 3 ENG 085 and ENG 091

This is an intensive writing course. Narrative and descriptive modes are stressed. Basic research strategies are introduced. An end-of-the-semester portfolio is required.

GEO 2: Speak clearly, concisely and intelligibly

Choose one of the following:

Course # Course Name Credits Prerequisites Notes
COM 231 Communication Fundamentals 3 ENG 085, ENG 091

(FORMERLY SPH 231)

COM 240 Interpersonal Communication 3 ENG 085, ENG 091

(FORMERLY SPH 240) Students will learn to improve communication in one-on-one and small group situations. In this course, students will examine basic verbal and non-verbal elements affecting communication between individuals in family, peer group and work contexts. Specific units of discussion include intrapersonal perspective, conflict resolution, self-disclosure, message generation, intercultural messages and non-verbal communication.

GEO 3: Demonstrate computational skills and mathematical reasoning

Take the following:

Course # Course Name Credits Prerequisites Notes
MAT 133 Introduction to Probability & Statistics 4 MAT 033* or MAT 131 or higher

(FORMERLY MTH 133) (SAME AS CIS 203 AND PSY 144) This course is an introduction to experimental design, data representation, basic descriptive statistics, probability theorems, frequency distributions and functions, binomial and normal probability distributions and functions, probability density functions, hypothesis testing, statistical inference, Chi-square analysis, linear regression, correlation and application of the above in making informed, data driven decisions in real-world contexts. Both graphing calculators and computer-based statistical software (Microsoft® Excel) will be used. If the prerequisite is more than two years old, then the mathematics department recommends the course placement exam be taken or the prerequisite be retaken to ensure the success of the student.

GEO 4: Demonstrate scientific reasoning

Take the following:

Course # Course Name Credits Prerequisites Notes
BIO 132 Human Biology 4 ENG 085* and MAT 020* or higher

Students focus on the structure and function of the human body, the unity and diversity of life, the nature of scientific inquiry, and the principles and processes of evolution as well as contemporary issues that relate to biology. Course includes a laboratory component which focuses on human anatomy.

BIO 253 and 254 Human Anatomy and Physiology I & II 8

Human Anatomy and Physiology I
This is the first course of a two-semester course sequence in which students study the anatomy and physiology of the human body. The course includes introductions to basic chemistry, biology and histology and extends to the survey of the integumentary, skeletal, muscular and nervous systems. This course includes a laboratory component in which students are responsible for performing dissections and making original observations on dissected material. The laboratory experience culminates with the use of a plastinated human specimen for observation. A strong background in biology and/or chemistry is highly recommended.

Human Anatomy and Physiology II
This is the second course of a two-semester course sequence in which students study the anatomy and physiology of the human body. The course includes the autonomic nervous system, sensory, motor, and integrative systems, special senses, endocrine system, cardiovascular systems, lymphatic system and immunity, respiratory systems, digestive system, metabolism and nutrition, urinary system and reproductive systems. This course includes a laboratory component in which students are responsible for performing dissections and making original observations on dissected material. The laboratory experience culminates with the use of a plastinated human specimen for observation. Because physiological processes are based on the principles of chemistry, prior chemistry coursework is strongly recommended for this course.

BIO 220 Microbiology 4 ENG 085* and MAT 020* or higher

Basic structure and function of microorganisms with special emphasis on recent advances in microbiology, pathogens, disease, control and immunity. Strong biology background recommended. Course includes a laboratory component.

CEM 131 Fundamentals of Chemistry 4 ENG 085* and MAT 033* or higher

Fills requirement for some non-science majors. Provides background for CEM 141 for those with no recent high school chemistry. Fundamental principles of chemistry such as states of matter, simple atomic and molecular structure, and the periodic classification of elements. The study of water emphasizes the properties of solutions and acid-base relations. Course includes a laboratory component.

GEO 5: Understand human behavior and social systems, and the principles which govern them

Take the following:

Course # Course Name Credits Prerequisites Notes
PSY 140 Introduction to Psychology 4 ENG 085* and ENG 090*

Overview of the field of psychology, including learning, development, emotion, motivation, personality, abnormal behavior and psychotherapy.

GEO 6: Understand aesthetic experience and artistic creativity

Choose one of the following:

Course # Course Name Credits Prerequisites Notes
ART 111 Art History: Prehistoric to 1400 3 ENG 085, ENG 091

This course is a survey of art history and aesthetics covering art and architecture from prehistoric times to 1400.

ART 112 Art History: Renaissance to Present 3 ENG 085*

This course is a survey of art history and aesthetics covering art from the Renaissance through the 20th century.

ENG 210 Introduction to Film 3 ENG 085* and ENG 131

Students are introduced to film as a visual art and to basic film terms and techniques, such as composition, movement, editing and sound. Readings in film history, genre, theory and criticism. Includes JC Winter Film Series.

ENG 242 Sports in Film and Literature 3 ENG 131

This course is an inquiry into historical and changing role of sports in American culture through novels, essays, biographies, films, documentaries and sports-related poetry.

ENG 246 Short Story & Novel 3 ENG 085* and ENG 131

Students are introduced to traditional and contemporary fictional genres. This course emphasizes understanding, appreciation and the critical analysis of narrative art. Selections for study are chosen from English and American literature as well as world literature in translation.

ENG 247 Poetry & Drama 3 ENG 085* and ENG 131

Students are introduced to lyric and dramatic genres. This course emphasizes understanding, appreciation and enjoyment of poetry and theatre as language performances and literary forms. Selections for study are chosen from English and American literature as well as world literature in translation.

ENG 252 Shakespeare 3 ENG 085* and ENG 131

Students read representative plays and are introduced to the Elizabethan world. Course emphasizes developing understanding, appreciation and critical analysis skills.

ENG 254 Children’s Literature 3 ENG 085* and ENG 131

Students survey the various genres of children’s literature from a critical point of view. Course emphasizes developing student competency in oral reading and presentation of children’s literature.

ENG 255 American Literature-19th Century 3 ENG 085* and ENG 131

Students examine the development of a distinctive American literature and culture during the 19th century. Students read selections from many writers, with emphasis on major figures such as Hawthorne, Melville, Thoreau, Emerson, Poe, Dickinson, Whitman, Douglass and Jacobs.

ENG 256 American Literature-20th Century 3 ENG 085* and ENG 131

Students examine the literature and culture of America from 1890 to the present, with emphasis on the development of organic and post-modern writing in narrative, poetic and critical modes.

HUM 131 Cultural Connections 3 ENG 085 and ENG 091

This interdisciplinary course examines contemporary issues, their human and technological components, and their historical precedents through art, music, literature and philosophy.

MUS 131 Understanding Music 3 ENG 085*

Lecture and directed listening on the elements, forms and historic chronology of Western music.

MUS 132 History of American Popular Music 3

Students explore the development of popular music in America and focus on the musical, social and economic influences of commercial music in an historical context.

PHL 231 Introduction to Philosophy 3 ENG 085* and ENG 090*

In this course, you will be exposed to some of the major figures in Western philosophy, and through them, some of the most important philosophical questions. You will discuss questions such as: Is ethics all a matter of opinion? What is the good life for human beings? When is the state justified in using coercive power? What is the nature of knowledge, and how do we get knowledge? What is the nature of reality? Can we prove the existence of God?

THR 116 Introduction to Theatre 3 ENG 085*

Survey of Western theatre and drama. Appreciation of theatre through understanding of historical development and societal function. Theatre architecture, production, costuming and acting styles, and the artists who create them.

GEO 7: Understand and respect the diversity and interdependence of the world’s peoples and cultures

Choose one of the following:

Course # Course Name Credits Prerequisites Notes
HIS 211 Minority Groups in America 3 ENG 085* and ENG 090*

Sociology of dominant-minority relations in contemporary American society. Attention to specific ethnic, religious, and racial minorities in terms of prejudice and discrimination.

SOC 112 Service Exploration and Social Issues 1

Students will learn about the service learning design and prepare for travel during JC’s spring break by engaging in local service experiences. Students will develop team-building and communication skills, in addition to first aid response. Students will complete reflective essays related to local community service activities. Fundraising activities will be explored and implemented. A minimum of 16 hours of local service is required.

SOC 122 Service in Action 2

Students will travel during JC’s spring break to a pre-determined site to perform a minimum of 45 hours of service learning. Students will demonstrate team-building and communication skills. Understanding of cultural and geographic issues will be assessed through reflective writings. Must be enrolled in six credits at the time of the service trip.

SOC 236 Women in a Changing Society 3 ENG 085* and ENG 131

(SAME AS ENG 236) Inquiry into historical and changing roles of women, looking at causes of these changes and their effects on women and society through literature, sociology, biology and history.

SOC 246 Marriage and Family 3 ENG 085* and ENG 090*

The position and significance of marriage and the family in contemporary society are examined. Issues are examined within the larger political, historical and social context, including marriage and family values within diverse ethnic, minority and gender identity groups. SOC 231 recommended before enrolling in this course.

CORE REQUIREMENTS

Take the following:

Course # Course Name Credits Prerequisites Notes
DHY 101 Principles in Dental Hygiene 2 Admission into the DENT.AAS program

This course introduces the profession of dental hygiene, the dental hygiene code of ethics, principles of infection and exposure control and the CDC Bloodborne Pathogens Standard. Fundamental concepts on dental hygiene process of care including patient management, dental hygiene diagnosis, oral health education techniques, and disease prevention strategies will be discussed. Additionally, dental instrumentation and oral deposits are discussed.

Corequisites: DHY 102, DHY 103, DHY 104 and DHY 105

DHY 102 Preclinical Dental Hygiene 2 Admission into the DENT.AAS program

The principles, protocols, and components learned in DHY 101 will be performed in this clinical setting with an introduction in dental hygiene procedures, basic instrumentation, and development of manual dexterity, dental charting, and preventive education.

Corequisites: DHY 101, DHY 103, DHY 104 and DHY 105

DHY 103 Head, Neck, and Oral Anatomy 3 Prerequisites: Admission into the DENT.AAS program

This course is designed for first-semester dental hygiene students. The topics include anatomy of the teeth and dental nomenclature, the development, eruption, function, and morphological characteristics of the human deciduous and secondary dentition, and a review of the bones and muscles of the orofacial complex. This examination of the temporomandibular joint and function, and dental occlusion classification will complete this course.

Corequisites: DHY 101, DHY 102, DHY 104 and DHY 105

DHY 104 Biochemistry & Nutrition 2 Prerequisites: Admission into the DENT.AAS program

This course provides dental hygiene students with an overview of nutrition biochemistry, nutritional guidelines, diet analysis and planning. The role of nutrition in dental health and systemic diseases are emphasized along with the clinical application of nutritional counseling strategies.

Corequisites: DHY 101, DHY 102, DHY 103, and DHY 105

DHY 105 Medical Emergencies in the Dental Office 1 Admission into the DENT.AAS program

Familiarity with critical steps in prevention, preparation, early recognition, and appropriate management of common medical emergencies in the dental office.

Corequisites: DHY 101, DHY 102, and DHY 104

DHY 111 Principles in Dental Hygiene II 2 DHY 101, DHY 102, DHY 104 and DHY 105

The development of a theoretical framework of dental hygiene treatment to begin attainment of proficiency in all areas of dental hygiene treatment. Presentation and discussion of case histories from patients and preventive measures employed against disease with emphasis on special needs patients.

Corequisites: DHY 112, DHY 113, and DHY 114

DHY 112 Clinical Dental Hygiene I 2 DHY 101, DHY 102, DHY 104 and DHY 105

The principles, protocols and components of dental hygiene process of care are introduced in this clinical setting emphasizing patient care. The development of skills includes ultrasonic instrumentation, case management, treatment planning and dental hygiene prevention services.

Corequisites: DHY 111, DHY 113, and DHY 114

DHY 113 Dental Radiology 3 DHY 101, DHY 102, DHY 104 and DHY 105

This course is designed to provide the student with the theory and procedures used in dental radiography. Topics include history of the dental x-rays, radiation safety, and film exposure techniques, processing and mounting of radiographs, radiographic findings and patient management.

Corequisites: DHY 111, DHY 112, and DHY 114

DHY 114 Periodontology 3 DHY 101, DHY 102, DHY 104 and DHY 105

This course is designed to provide advanced study of the periodontium and its relationship to the pathogenesis of periodontal disease. It focuses on the relationships between periodontal disease, systemic health, prevention, risk assessments, classifications, current modalities of treatment and management strategies.

Corequisites: DHY 111, DHY 112, and DHY 113

DHY 120 Dental Materials 2 DHY 111, DHY 112, DHY 113, and DHY 114

This course is designed for dental hygiene students and is the study of dental materials including their biological, physical, mechanical and chemical properties. The lab portion of this course includes proper manipulation and technique, handling, and storage of dental materials. The course is designed to discuss commonly used dental products.

Corequisites: DHY 121 and DHY 122

DHY 121 Pharmacology for the Dental Hygienist 2 DHY 111, DHY 112, DHY 113, and DHY 114

Classifications and varieties of drugs, pharmacologic effects, adverse reactions, usual indications and contraindications. Discussion of drugs utilized to treat common diseases. Pharmacokinetics of local and general anesthetic agents and their use.

Corequisites: DHY 120 and DHY 122

DHY 122 Clinical Dental Hygiene II 1 DHY 111, DHY 112, DHY 113, and DHY 114

The principles, protocols and components of dental hygiene process of care are continued in this clinical setting emphasizing patient care. The continued advancement of skills includes sealant placement, ultrasonic instrumentation, case management, treatment planning and dental hygiene prevention services.

Corequisites: DHY 121 and DHY 122

DHY 201  Principles in Dental Hygiene III 2 DHY 120, DHY 121 and DHY 122

Continued development of a theoretical framework of dental hygiene treatment with advancement of dental hygiene proficiency in all areas of dental hygiene treatment. Presentation and discussion of case histories from patients and preventive measures employed against disease with emphasis on special needs patients.

Corequisites: DHY 202, DHY 203, and DHY 204

DHY 202 Clinical Dental Hygiene III 3 DHY 120, DHY 121 and DHY 122

The principles, protocols and components of dental hygiene process of care are continued in this clinical setting emphasizing patient care. The continued advancement of skills includes non-surgical periodontal treatment, ultrasonic instrumentation, case management, treatment planning and dental hygiene prevention services.

Corequisites: DHY 201, DHY 203, and DHY 204

DHY 203 Pain Management 2 DHY 120, DHY 121 and DHY 122

This course will provide the student with basic and current concepts of local anesthesia and pain control for the safe and effective administration of local anesthesia and nitrous oxide/oxygen sedation. Instruction in local anesthetic technique and an introduction to the use of nitrous oxide as an analgesia is included. Successful completion of this course confers eligibility to take the CDCA exams for Local Anesthesia and Nitrous Oxide/Oxygen sedation with program director approval.

Corequisites: DHY 201, DHY 202, and DHY 204

DHY 204 Oral Pathology 2 DHY 120, DHY 121 and DHY 122

This course is designed for dental hygiene students. The topics incorporate important concepts in general pathology and their relationship to the oral cavity. Fundamental concepts stress comprehensive oral examination procedures, disease recognition, and identification of pathological conditions that affect the patient’s systemic health in relation to the oral cavity.

Corequisites: DHY 201, DHY 202, and DHY 203

DHY 211 Principles in Dental Hygiene IV 2 DHY 201, DHY 202, DHY 203 and DHY 204

Ethics, jurisprudence, and practice management concepts, including a study of state practice acts and business management procedures. Comprehensive review of formats and procedures involved in national, regional, and state board examinations. Guidance will be given in developing employment-seeking skills, including résumé writing. The course includes case-based study questions relative to dental hygiene with emphasis on content and test-taking strategies.

Corequisites: DHY 212 and DHY 213

DHY 212  Clinical Dental Hygiene IV 4 DHY 201, DHY 202, DHY 203 and DHY 204

The principles, protocols and components of dental hygiene process of care are continued in this clinical setting emphasizing patient care. The continued advancement of skills includes non-surgical periodontal treatment, ultrasonic instrumentation, case management, treatment planning and dental hygiene prevention services.

Corequisites: DHY 211 and DHY 213

DHY 213 Community Dental Health 2 DHY 201, DHY 202, DHY 203 and DHY 204

This course is designed for the dental hygiene student to review the history, philosophy, administration and current events of community oral health. Topics include emphasis on health promotion, epidemiology of dental disease, community service, designing, implementing and assessing a community health project.

Corequisites: DHY 211 and DHY 212