Types of Financial Aid
The four main sources for financial aid are the federal government, the state government, postsecondary institutions, and private organizations.
Grants can be an important part of your financial aid package.
If you have filled out your Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA), you’ve automatically applied for the major federal grant programs. To receive a grant, you must have financial need as defined by the federal government. You also must meet the eligibility requirements for financial aid
There are two major types of federal grants:
- Pell Grant
- Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant
Federal Pell Grant
The Pell Grant program is the federal government’s largest student financial aid program. You can receive maximum of up to $5,775 each academic year, although the actual amount you’ll get depends on a number of factors. If you’ve already received a bachelor’s degree, you’re not eligible for a Pell Grant.
Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant
Pell Grant recipients with exceptional financial need may qualify for the Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant (FSEOG). Funding for the grant is limited, and priority is given to students with the lowest Expected Family Contribution (EFC). A typical grant is $400 for the academic year.
Almost all students qualify for loans, regardless of their family income. The U.S. Department of Education provides low-interest loans, which are called federal Direct Loans.
In order to be eligible for a loan, you must enroll in at least six credit hours in a program that’s eligible for financial aid.
Taking out a loan is a serious commitment. You’ll be required to sign a legal contract, called the Master Promissory Note, that gives you certain rights and responsibilities as a borrower. By signing this contract, you’re agreeing to pay back the money you borrowed—with interest—after you leave school. If you don’t, your credit can be ruined and the federal government can withhold your income tax refund and take part of your wages until the debt is repaid.
Types of Federal Direct Loans
There are two types of Direct Loans:
- Direct Loans for students to help pay for their education
- Direct PLUS Loans for parents to help pay for their dependent children’s education. We encourage students to apply for the Federal Direct Loan (subsidized and unsubsidized) prior to determining PLUS Loan eligibility.
Federal Loans vs. Private Loans
Federal loans are a better deal than loans from private lenders. Federal student loans generally have lower interest rates that are fixed, generous repayment plans, no repayment penalties, and no credit checks (except for PLUS Loans).
For More Information
The federal government offers lots of detailed information about loans at StudentLoans.gov. Two publications are especially useful:
Many students can qualify for a Jackson College scholarship. Some scholarships require financial need, some are based on merit, and some combine both criteria. There also are special scholarships for students with disabilities.
Federal Work Study
Federal work-study pays you to work part time at JC or off campus while you attend school.
Student Employment Requirements
- Currently enrolled in at least 6 credit hours
- Completed a FASFA application for the current academic year
- Minimum 2.0 GPA
- Federal Work Study Award through Financial Aid
- Participation in two (2) Student Employment Professional Development trainings per semester
If you are not sure if you have received or are eligible for a work-study award, please contact Human Resources at 517.796.8468.